Home | Darpan | Volume 9 | Issue 2 Apr - June 2016 | National Seminar

National Seminar

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National Seminar

Teaching Learning and Evaluation

Pioneer Institute of Professional Studies, Indore organized National Seminar Sponsored by NAAC (Organized by IQAC) on the theme “Teaching, Learning & Evaluation”. The eminent guest for the seminar were Dr. Ashutosh Mishra, Hon’ble Vice Chancellor, DAVV Indore; Dr. B. V. Babu, Hon’ble Vice Chancellor, Galgotia University Noida; Dr. Narendra Dhakad, Former Additional Director Higher Education; Dr. Asha Mathur, Former IG Bhopal; Dr. Sumant Katiyal, DCDC, DAVV Indore; Dr. Ram Shrivastava, Renowned Educationist and Well-known Personality;  in presence of Dr. CA P. K. Jain, Principal Pioneer Institute of Professional Studies Indore, Dr. CA Prashant Jain, Seminar Convener & Executive Director Pioneer Institute of Professional Studies Indore and Dr. Mona Tawar, Director Pioneer Institute of Professional Studies Indore.

Day One: 8th April, 2016

Inaugural Session :

Inaugural Session started as per the program schedule by welcoming all the guests, lightening lamp and various address by renowned people.

Welcome Address by Dr. CA Prashant Jain

Education is the vehicle of understanding, self-preservation and achievement. Education should be such that it gives each student, a stage to flourish, gives awareness of social behavior, strength, character and self-respect. 

The greatest gift education, apart from knowledge, should be unconditional love and a set of values. These values include the difference between right and wrong, belief in God, the significance of hard work and self-respect. Education should be an uninterrupted learning experience, learning from people, learning from leaders and followers and then growing up to be the person we are meant to be.

Value-based education is a tool which not only delivers us a career which we can pursue but also a drive in life. The resolution of our life is unquestionably to know oneself and be ourselves. 

The objective of education in our country, having glorious value system, diversity in culture, values and beliefs is very rarely seen in the world. The aim of education should be to educate student about the value system which is indispensable to live successful life.

About the Seminar by Dr. Mona Tawar

This seminar is an opportunity in bringing together agents, specialists and staff for informal networking, program planning and formal educational opportunities that meet the needs of Management, Faculty, and Students. 

This is a time for reflection and futuristic thinking for the dimensions of diversity include Faculty Members, Industrialists, Students, and Directors. The change agents catalyst team is a combination of eminent personalities, to discuss educational initiatives that address key issues or strategies for the purpose of this seminar is to elevate the discussion of current, developing concepts on the sustainability of education and management, towards possible future use in improving contemporary practices. 

Dr. Mona briefed that the seminar will examine three theme areas, each of which focuses three areas of high current interest. It will further help in increasing the knowledge and skills; who are all working towards the common goal to build the capacity of Teaching, Learning and Evaluation, to function inclusively and effectively in a Global world. She concluded by saying that we are very thankful to NAAC, and our extraordinary speakers to expose and open us to the transformative power of real learning. 

Address by Dr. Ashutosh Mishra, Chief Guest

Dr. Mishra focused on students’ perspective. Institutions must invite well renowned teachers and gurus to deliver lectures and interact with students. He said that learning comes first than teaching. 

He explained the concept of CBCS and highlighted on important feature. A student is never satisfied by teachers’ evaluation. Dr. Mishra made a comparative analysis of the teachers’ and students’ of old generation with the new generation. It is appreciable that we follow few guidelines of foreign universities; but one must not forget our environment while following other universities. 

NAAC also gives due significance to Teaching, Learning and Evaluation. A teaching does not get complete just within the four walls of classroom; but a major part should be devoted to research. Apart from the above, interaction among students’ plays a vital role in the same. A student and a faculty must always be curious to learn and share among all.

Address by Dr. Asha Mathur, Guest of Honor

Value education can take place at home, as well as in schools and colleges. There are two main lines to values education; inculcating or transmitting a set of values which often come from societal or religious rules or cultural ethics. With reference to a video clip on value education shown, she said that love, compassion, tolerance and justice should be the basic teachings. With mention to her mother, she continued that mother is the first teacher for her child. But the role of schools and teachers are very important. 

Value Education need to be taught through mutual interaction and inter-communion.  While illustrating her service in police department for last many years, she said that discipline is a great lesson that has to be imparted. The youth should learn what is moral and what is immoral.

She continued by stating the example of her teacher and mentor and spoke that her guide was very humble, patient and whenever she thinks of tremendous patience, intellect and learned man, she thinks of her Great Teacher, who always recognized the value and worth of each student and tried to understand his students’ perspective.

Address by Dr. B. V. Babu, Key Note Speaker

Dr. Babu started his address by illustrating the great Srinivasa Ramanujan, a great mathematician of all times in the world and in the country, has made immense contribution to mathematics. He embodies the great example of teaching & learning. Without the exposure to the modern world mathematics, he developed several theorems on his own and won the accolades from the Western mathematicians. Ramanujan was such a genius that he solved a very complicated problem during his visit to abroad.

He pointed out to the gap in teaching & learning & the gap of linkage from primary school to university education & the key role to be played by the teachers for quality education implementation. He talked about the disparity in B-school education in terms of uneven teacher’s student ratio, lack of infrastructure & the involvement of all stake holders to play a pivotal role for quality outcome.

Address by Dr. Narendra Dhakad, Guest of Honor

Dr. Dhakad focused on learning and started by saying that we need to focus on skill based education, reward creativity, original thinking, research and innovation. It is the need of the hour to get intellectual people to teach.

Apart from the same we need to implement massive technology infrastructure for education. Institutions must re-define the purpose of the education system, personalize education – one size does not fit all, so a teacher’s responsibility is to consider each single student of his/her class. The present education system focuses more on scores rather than knowledge. The students are not allowed to experiment on their own. In the end, students are coming out of schools and colleges with bookish knowledge alone as the method of learning doesn’t connect to reality. Also there is an increased pressure on students due to much competitive spirit among the private institutions.

Address by Dr. Sumant Katiyal, Guest of Honor

Dr. Katiyal said that students play a very significant and vital role in making a modern and progressive India. Though the prime duty of students is to study, they have many other social and political activities in our society. Thus, an ideal student becomes the bright citizen of future India. The most important duty of a student is to study regularly and work hard to improve his performance in examination. But his objective of studying should not be just limited to only score good marks or secure a high rank. He should have a thirst for knowledge, an interest to learn more about everything he observes. Apart from studies, he need to get involve in other activities. Along with the same, kindness, compassion, respect, sincerity, honesty, politeness are equally important in today’s world. His behavior towards his parents, teachers and elders along with a high code of conduct is also important in teaching, learning and evaluation.

Address by Dr. Ram Shrivastava, Guest of Honor

Quoting the example of Dr. W. B. Bhargav, Dr. Ram Shrivastava said that a great teacher is one, a student remembers and cherishes forever, who have long-lasting impact on the lives of their students, and the greatest teachers inspire students toward greatness.

Teaching is one of the most complicated jobs today. It demands broad knowledge of subject matter, curriculum, and standards; enthusiasm, a caring attitude, and a love of learning; knowledge of discipline and classroom management techniques; and a desire to make a difference in the lives of young people. With all these qualities required, it’s no wonder that it’s hard to find great teachers.

He illustrated the example of C V Raman and said that the genius who won the Nobel Prize for Physics, with simple equipment barely worth Rs. 300. He was the first Asian scientist to win the Nobel Prize. He was a man of boundless curiosity and a lively sense of humor. His spirit of inquiry and devotion to science laid the foundations for scientific research in India. And he won honor as a scientist and affection as a teacher and a man.

Address by Dr. CA P. K. Jain

It may seem noticeable that only lecturing isn't the best system and the best technique to get students thinking and learning. Practical approach through Project-based learning and other interactive approaches have been widespread in any institution for a long time. But lecturing is still the dominant teaching method in large classes at the college level. We need to adopt and adapt to different approaches to teaching large classes that can help more students learn, and help them learn better.

Innovative instructional tool should be embedded in teaching and learning that will liven up the classroom, promote student discussion, and aid in on-the-spot assessment of student learning. A student is never wrong; each student is a unique combination of experiences and identities, most of which will be invisible to us.

A teacher is a facilitator that helps students, define their own values and identity, make educated choices, evaluate options, create new knowledge, and become lifelong learners.

We have been illustrating the examples of great teachers so far, but now it is our responsibility to make Teaching, Learning and Evaluation with Excellence so that the coming generation illustrate our examples. Real learning must happen for students. 

Session I: Brig. Dr. K. K. Thacker

The first session was taken by Brig. Dr. Thacker on “Enhancing Teaching Effectiveness”. In his session, he stressed on how to enhance teaching through various styles. He discussed on various facts related to Indian Education System. He also pin-pointed on the classroom management and discussed various classroom technique like: Corporal Punishment; Rote Discipline; Preventive Techniques; Systematic Approaches; Good Behavior Game; Discipline with Dignity; Positive Classrooms; Assertive Discipline; Punishment or Rewards. Dr. Thacker then discussed about various teaching styles and discusses various available technologies for teaching. 

Being an Indian Army Officer Dr. Thacker also discussed an Army perspective related to teaching & methodology. He gave various suggestions to improve education level in B schools like use of technology, improved and relevant syllabus, have proper monitoring and reporting system on students’ performance, review grade system etc. further a good teacher need to maintain good communication skills, get students engagement, use humor, be clear and precise in instructions, give room to individualized learning, give positive feedback, involve students in decision making and finally love their subject and job.

Session II: Dr. B. V. Babu

Dr. Babu focused on Teaching-Learning and Evaluation and explained the relevance of What, Why, When, Where, Who and How, the 5 Ws & 1 H. He highlighted on the following: 

Teaching

Noble Profession, Concern towards students, Gurukul System, Trust building, Pedagogy, Mentoring and Counselling

Learning

Life Long Learning, Ambience for Passionate Learning, Flexibilities, Overall development, Student-centric Experiential Learning, 

Evaluation

Continuous and Transparent, Choice Based Credit System

Various Components of Evaluation

Continuous Assessment Tests, Quizzes, Surprise Quizzes, Group Discussion, Group Tasks, Case Studies, Role Plays, Assignments, Class Participation/Attendance, Projects

Session III: Dr. V. B. Gupta

With reference to the Teaching, Learning & Evaluation related activities, he devoted his session to the Academic Performance Indicator (API) which is very important to the teaching, learning & evaluation of Faculty & Students. The scores for teaching, learning and evaluation related activities are based on the teacher’s self-assessment.

The API scores for co-curricular, extension and professional development related activities are based on the teacher’s self-assessment. The self- assessment score are based on verifiable criteria and will be finalized by the Screening / Selection Committee. The API scores applies for research and academic contributions also.

Session IV: Dr. Raj Kamal

Teaching and learning, irrespective of the method, should be such that students can be guaranteed that they are getting a value education with ultimate flexibility. Teachers need to blend different modes of learning to accommodate each single student. There are many alternatives including guidance and independent study, where a student works one-on-one with a faculty mentor, online courses, study groups, which are periodic small-group meetings with other students, weekly seminars to explore topics in depth in a group setting.

The field projects and research orientation in students will make them rigorous and reflective thinker, along with a sound value system, certain ethical bearing, a generous attitude towards parents, teachers, society as a whole, respecting the views of others, and a recognition that getting to the bottom of things together always matters more than winning a dispute. Critical thinking should be developed that will ultimately be responsible thinking. 

While the standard informal logic course is an essential part of any college curriculum, all three of these elements of critical thinking—pattern recognition, vocabulary, and the ethical stance—can be taught.

Teachers need to concentrate on students to give an opportunity to model certain aspects of critical thinking: about patterns in their reasoning, use logical vocabulary to talk about their work, present their arguments. Teachers also need to have the understanding of the subject matter they demonstrate.  

Day Two: 9th April, 2016

Session V: Dr. Sangeeta Jain

Dr. Sangeeta Jain, Professor, IMS, DAVV Indore started her session by explaining the philosophy behind the accreditation by NAAC. She explained that education plays a vital role in the development of any nation; Therefore, NAAC has been set up to facilitate the volunteering Institutions to assess their performance vis-a-vis set parameters through introspection and a process that provides space for participation of the institution.

Dr. Sangeeta also explained different Criteria for Assessment, difference between “assessment” and “evaluation”.

She further addressed that Evaluation is the process of observing and measuring a thing for the purpose of judging it and of determining its “value,” either by comparison to similar things, or to a standard. Evaluation of teaching means passing judgment on it as part of an administrative process.  

She also related her session to the learning approaches of cclassical conditioning, operant conditioning, cognitive learning and social learning. 

She also explain different paradigm shifts methods in teaching learning. At last she ended her session with a quote of Cheung Chin-Ming “When I stand in front of a class, I don’t see stupid or unteachable learners, but boxes of treasures waiting for us to open”. 

Session VI: Dr. M. L. Gangwal

Dr. M. L. Gangwal, a Renowned Professor in academics associated the accreditation with hard work and perseverance. His session was focused on the theme “Teachers Quality & How to Teach”. He also insisted on the value system of management, faculty and students. He said eyes without vision is equal to blindness. Experience is the great teacher. He focused on high discipline among students but also stressed on liberty and freedom. A teacher is a mentor and a guiding spirit to the student. So it is very important for a teacher to inspire and influence students in a right sprit and direction. He said knowledge is power; whatever be the language of the expression. The confidence in delivery of a teacher is visible only when he or she has a thorough knowledge about his or her subject.

 

Session VII: Dr. S. L. Gargh

Dr. S. L. Gargh, Vice Chancellor, Oriental University, Indore highlighted the seven criteria of NAAC. He said that Institution should do its SWOT through a meticulous review process. It should also identify the internal areas of planning, resource allocation, and infrastructure, initiate innovative and modern methods of pedagogy. An Institute should search for new sense of direction together with intra and inter-institutional interactions. He further explained step by step seven criteria that NAAC has identified to serve as the basis of its assessment procedures:

Curricular Aspects

Teaching-Learning and Evaluation

Research, Consultancy and Extension

Infrastructure and Learning Resources

Student Support and Progression

Governance, Leadership and Management

Innovations and Best Practices

Apart from the above, a light was thrown on assigning the different weightages to these criteria under different key aspects.

Session VIII: Dr. CA Prashant Jain

Dr. CA Prashant Jain, Seminar Convener & Executive Director shared his views on Challenges in Teaching, Learning and Evaluation. He highlighted various challenges: Regulatory Bodies, Intake Level, Link with Industry, Evaluation System, Values and Ethics, Teacher Norms, Focus More on Infrastructure than Quality, Perception. 

Keeping in mind an education which is quality oriented we need to have the following: Uniform Education Policy; Proper Link / Co-Ordination between Central and State Governments; Streamlining Needed For State and Central Acts / Statutes; Uniformity in Syllabus; Curriculum, Other Matters; Ease Needed In Approval and Affiliation Systems; Uniform Parameters Needed For Evaluation and Credit Systems; Single Point Accreditation Agency.

Dr. Prashant also focused on to redesign the Academic Structure to fulfill the need of industry and to bridge the gap between industry and academics. 

Session IX: Mr. Sumit Zokarkar

Mr. Sumit Zokarkar focused on Student Evaluation: Are we Meeting the Purpose? He explained that evaluation is any effort to use assessment evidence to improve effectiveness in Learning. Evaluation is the utilization of information for institutional and individual improvement. Evaluation has to do with motivation and the rendering of value judgments 

When we assess, we make inferences about students’ current and future performance.  One type of inference is evaluation, which is an interpretation of assessment in terms of marks, grades (A, B, C etc.) or qualities (very good, good, fair, poor etc.).

He explained the inter-relation among teaching, learning, assessment, evaluation and feedback. He also explained various methods for prevailing evaluation in Higher Education

He explained the Purpose of Evaluation by following points: To measure the Learning of student, to see up to what extent the goal of Teaching has been achieved, To classify the students on the basis of their learning and finally giving him certificate of achievement of certain knowledge or skill. 

He also focused on good practice for evaluating student learning, interpretation of evaluation, and limitations in present evaluation pattern.

Session X: Mrs. Shweta Mogre

Mrs. Shweta Mogre took a session on Effective Teaching in Higher Education. She started her session with a quote of the most famous teacher Dr. A. P. J. Kalam “Teaching is a very noble profession that shapes the character, caliber and future of an individual. If the people remember me as a good teacher that will be the biggest honor for me”. She explained the present scenario of higher education through various facts and figures. 

She said that teaching means interaction of teacher and students. They participate for their mutual benefits. Both have their own objective and target is to achieve them. Teaching includes all the activities of providing education to other. Teaching may be regarded as providing opportunities for students to learn. It is an interactive process as well as an intentional activity.

She also explained relationship between teaching and learning and discussed the importance of learning in teaching. She explain that one need to be update and use technologies in his teaching style to attract students and for better understanding. At last she discussed various teaching methodology. 

Session XI: Dr. Mona Tawar

Dr. Mona Tawar took a session on the need of Entrepreneurship integration in curriculum. There should be no gap between methods applied. It is also sometimes observed that the experience-based methods, which are crucial, are sometimes not very effective. The traditional pedagogies (lectures) should be more concentrated upon to make them the most effective.  

Most effective methods indicated: group techniques for new business ideas, case studies, and business planning workshops and the essential element must include crossing boundaries between disciplines, and multi-disciplinary collaboration. 

It is the need of the hour to set up a strategy or action plan, create an entrepreneurial hub, offer introduction to entrepreneurship to all, and opportunities to follow more specific courses, set up incentives to motivate and reward staff, encourage the spontaneous initiative of students, award credits for activities and practical work etc. 

Valedictory Session

A major portion of the valedictory session covered the speech of the Principal. An open forum that covered renowned and eminent personalities, various delegates from other institutions summed up with their feedback on two days NAAC sponsored national seminar along with various fruitful suggestions regarding Teaching, Learning & Evaluation.

One of the prominent address was given by Dr. Pramod Kumar Jain where he said that a thorough interaction with students through presenting lectures, leading discussions, making students’ understand and remember the basic content of the course, terms, concepts, principles is necessary. 

The practical application through use of content and engagement in effective and appropriate kinds of thinking, along with the integration of diverse disciplines, key ideas, and dominions of life is significant. But one must not forget the human dimension.  

He concluded his speech by saying that a student should keep on learning about the subject even after the course is over. Learning is a lifelong process and must never be stopped.

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